Soon after the Revolution, settlers swept to the banks of the Mississippi River and began drifting down from Kentucky and Tennessee into northern Alabama, another center of early settlement. After the last Indians were removed in the late 1830’s, another wave of settlers flooded into central Alabama and central and northern Mississippi. Mississippi and Alabama enjoyed their greatest prosperity during the heyday of the Greek Revival and produced a surprising variety and quality of buildings in the relatively brief period that remained before the outbreak of the Civil War. With the hottest, longest and most humid summers in the region, these states produced the most “Southern” buildings of the Old South, surrounded by monumental porticoes and grand colonnades.
Among the famous and sometimes surprising buildings to be found in this book are Auburn, the first house with a monumental Classical portico in the Mississippi Territory, built by a Yankee from Massachusetts; Belle Mont, a small but elegant Palladian farmhouse built for a Virginian who came to early Alabama; Waverley, a Greek Revival plantation house outside Columbus, Mississippi, featuring a seventy-foot-high central hall surrounded by balconies rising four stories to a cupola; Gaineswood, another Greek Revival plantation house, in Alabama, this one enlarged from a log cabin that can still be found within its now palatial walls; the Chapel of the Cross at Mannsdale, Mississippi, the first “correct” gothic church in the Territory, copied from a magazine published in New York City, copying a specific medieval church in England; and Longwood, the largest and most luxurious octagonal house in America, but one left incomplete when the Northern workmen who were building it fled back home after the outbreak of the Civil War.
Like other books in this series, we find here that most of the South’s greatest buildings were built by Northerners, whose contributions to Southern society and architecture have long been unappreciated.
Architecture of the Old South: Mississippi & Alabama, Mississippi, Alabama, architecture, architects, southern, plantations, Old South, antebellum, The South, America, England, English, France, French, Spain, Spanish, American history, Southern history, American architecture, Southern architecture, Mississippi architecture, Alabama architecture, historic buildings, photographs, drawings, floor plans, elevations, maps, travel, travel guide, Mills Lane, Van Jones Martin, Robert Gamble, Mary Warren Miller, Ronald W. Miller, Gene Carpenter, Frontier, Colonial, Palladian, Palladio, Federal, Greek Revival, Romantic, Gothic, Gothic Revival, Italian Villa, Italianate, Renaissance Revival, villas, octagons, Caribbean, Natchez, Columbus, Oxford, Jackson, Mobile, Gainesvilie, Huntsville, Montgomery, Selma, Demopolis, Opelika, Florence, Talladega, Vicksburg, Holly Springs, Mississippi River, Natchez Trace, Mississippi Territory, Gulf of Mexico, Levi Weeks, Abraham Swan, William Pain, Auburn, Lyman Harding House, William Salmon, William Halfpenny, Owen Biddle, Asher Benjamin, Minard Lafever, Linden, Arlington, Rosalie, Belle Mont, Alexander Mitchell House, William Nichols, Alabama State Capitol, James Stuart, Nicholas Revett, Antiquities of Athens, Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, Tower of the Winds, Mississippi State Capitol, James Gallier, Charles Dakin, James Dakin, Ithiel Town, A.J. Davis, Alexander Jackson Davis, A.J. Downing, Andrew Jackson Downing, D’Evereux, Richmond, Levin Marshall House, Melrose, Mississippi Governor’s Mansion, Stephen Decatur Button, Alabama State Capitol, Stephen D. Button, Daniel Pratt, Vicksburg Courthouse, Warren County Courthouse, Waverley, George Hampton Young House, Oakleigh, James Roper House, Dunleith, The Burn, Stanton Hall, Gaineswood, Nathan Bryan Whitfield House, Frederick Stanton House, Albert Diettel, Samuel Sloan, John Stewart, Richard Upjohn, Calvert Vaux, Jacob Larmour, Benjamin Parsons, Homewood, David Balfour House, Elms Court, Harvey Walter House, John Henry Hopkins, Chapel of the Cross, Mannsdale, Frank Wills, Ecclesiologists, Adolphus Heiman, Thomas Kelah Wharton, Charles Manship House, Horace King, Thomas E.D. Pegues House, Annandale, Margaret Johnstone House, Ingleside, William J. Britton House, Ammi B. Young, Thomas Rose, Orson Squire Fowler, Longwood, Haller Nutt House
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