Despite an early start, North Carolina, with shallow harbors, unnavigable rivers and a treacherous coast, developed slowly. By the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, however, the colony began to flourish, producing small but exquisitely built brick houses and then, with the arrival of a new Royal Governor and his pet architect, John Hawks, the noble Governor’s Palace in the imperial Palladian style.
The North Carolina frontier may have been sparsely settled and “unfashionable” by the standards of ports along the Atlantic coast, but the frontier was also surprisingly cosmopolitan. The Moravians, refugees from religious persecution in what is now eastern Germany and the Czech Republic, built their town of Salem with a careful plan, public zoning, a waterworks and a fire department in the 18th century, as well as extraordinary buildings that travellers described as “Dutch,” meaning German.
Sometimes, the traditions of apprenticeship, careful craftsmanship and a flash of ingenuity could produce delightful variations on sophisticated themes. The colonial port of New Bern became a tranquil backwater after the Revolution, but a luxurious one with remarkable houses. The northern counties, influenced by rich and well educated Virginians, produced a group of plantation houses in the new Adamesque Federal style.
In the second quarter of the 19th century, North Carolina became even more prosperous, with a good variety of Greek “temples” and Gothic “castles,” some of the best of them created by the New York architect Alexander Jackson Davis, who produced more than twenty buildings in North Carolina.
This volume presents the famous buildings–Cupola House at Edenton, the Governor’s Palace at New Bern, the Moravian buildings of Salem, the magnificent Greek Revival Capitol at Raleigh. It also presents some surprises–Old Brick House, a small but delightful colonial manor copied from an 18th-century English pattern book, Little Manor, a sumptuous house now in ruins, Cooleemee, a plantation house with an extraordinary cruciform plan.
Architecture of the Old South: North Carolina, North Carolina, architecture, architects, southern, plantations, Old South, antebellum, The South, America, England, English, Moravian, American history, Southern history, American architecture, Southern architecture, North Carolina architecture, historic buildings, photographs, drawings, floor plans, elevations, maps, travel, travel guide, Mills Lane, Van Jones Martin, Marshall Bullock, Gene Carpenter, Georgian, Colonial, Frontier, Adam-Federal, Federal, Adamesque, Robert Adam, Greek Revival, Romantic, Gothic, Gothic Revival, Ecclesiological Gothic, domestic Gothic, Italian Villa, Italianate, castles, villas, octagons, Salem, Old Salem, Winston-Salem, New Bern, Wilmington, Edenton, Chapel Hill, Raleigh, Greensboro, Charlotte, Asheville, Warren County, Halifax County, Albemarle, Palladio, Palladian, Germany, Czech Republic, Sir Walter Raleigh, John Hawks, Cupola House, Palmer-Marsh House, Bath, Sir Christopher Wren, James Gibbs, Batty Langley, William Nichols, William Tryon, Governor William Tryon, Governor’s Palace, Robert Morris, John Burgwin House, William Pain, John Wright Stanly House, dogtrot cabin, dogtrot, dogtrot house, Bethabara, Moravians, German, Scotch-Irish, Scots-Irish, Frederick Marshall, University of North Carolina, Hope, David Stone House, Abraham Swan, William ~alfpenny, ,Ayr Mount, William Kirkland House, Little Manor, William Person Lit~le House, Old Brick House, Elizabeth City, Fayetteville, Hayes, James Johnston House, Montmorenci, William Williams House, Prospect Hill, Burnside, Ingleside, Owen Biddle, Morgan House, Elgin, Anna Maria Ward House, James Stuart, Nicholas Revett, Antiquities of Athens, Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, Asher Benjamin, Minard Lafever, Temple on the Ilissus, John Haviland, Tower of the Winds, Parthenon, North Carolina Capitol, A.J. Davis, Alexander Jackson Davis, A.J. Downing, Andrew Jackson Downing, Ithiel Town, William Strickland, Robert Mills, David Paton, Thomas U. Walter, John Norris, United States Custom House, John Berry, Jacob W. Holt, James F. Post, Edward Belo House, Bracebridge Hall, Land’s End, Stockton, John Henry Hopkins, Chapel of the Cross, Thomas Thomas, Frank Wills, Richard Upjohn, John Lindsay Morehead, Samuel Sloan, Edmund G. Lind, William T. Murdoch, Coolmore, Tarboro, William Percival, William Montford Boylan House, William S. Battle House, William Ranlett, Cooleemee, Advance, Hillsborough Military Academy, Orson Squire Fowler, Robert Donaldson, William Gaston, Blandwood, John Motley Morehead, Davidson College, Catherine Bishir, MESDA
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